Things I've Learned About Health and Longevity
Through Fasting and Healthy Eating

The Big Picture

We eat all wrong. What we should be eating is the foods for which our bodies evolved: plant-based and unrefined. That excludes meat, fish, dairy, salt, sugar, oil, and processed foods (anything that comes in a package, a box or a can) including refined grains. We should also fast (i.e. completely stop eating) occasionally to let our gut microbiome and other bodily systems self-regulate. The body heals itself far better than any pill or procedure if we get out of the way and let it.


How much you eat is important, too. The issue is calorie density. Calorie density is the number of calories in a bite of a particular food. Most animal and processed foods have high calorie density. Most plant foods have low calorie density. Calorie-dense foods were not part of our ancestors' diets and they trick our satiety receptors (that tell us when we've had enough) into overeating. The best way to avoid this trap is to start meals with low calorie-dense foods -- lots of them -- so we're nearly full by the time we get to the dense stuff.

A goal of plant-based diets is 15-18% of calories from fats. This is hard to achieve without a few high-fat-density elements such as avocados and nuts. But you don't need much of these (half an avocado, an ounce of nuts) to get there.


Being vegan is not enough. There plenty of fat vegans. Coca-cola and Oreo cookies, for example, are vegan. Healthful eating demands, in addition to the no-animal foods rule of veganism, that we not eat "SOS" -- salt, oil, and sugar. These are all man-made food additives and they have various ill effects. The healthy way to eat is SOS-free vegan (lots of good info and videos on this site).

Getting Well

The range of ailments that can be cured (yes, cured, not just "managed", as modern healthcare commonly does for chronic diseases) is astonishing: hypertension, type 2 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis, lupus, multiple sclerosis, and even lymphoma (blood cancer). Through fasting and diet change, many thousands (and yes, documented in peer-reviewed scientific journals) of such cases have been achieved.

There are lots of ways and places (even at home) to fast, but if you're undertaking a fast of more than four or five days, it's best done with medical supervision. The risk is that electrolytes (blood salts, a delicate balance) could get out of whack. It's rare, but you want to keep an eye on it and catch it before it becomes life-threatening.

A lovely side effect is weight loss... When you don't eat, you lose weight. Who knew?

I have done an 18-day medically-supervised water-only fast at TrueNorth Health in Santa Rosa, California. People come from all over the world to do this there. Many are desperate for cures, having exhausted more "traditional" approaches.


Why the quotes around "tradition"? Because fasting is actually quite traditional. Every major religion prescribes an annual fast of some kind.

Not Starving

Our bodies evolved to sustain lengthy food deprivations. It's almost unique in the animal kingdom. For example, if you withhold food from a chimp, it will die in just a few days.

Humans, on the other hand, can go without food for weeks, even months. The TrueNorth people won't let you go longer than 40 days, but elsewhere, fasts lasting even hundreds of days have been accomplished.

How Fasting Works

What are the body's energy storage mechanisms that enable us to fast? The first place energy is stored in our bodies is circulating glucose. When we fast, this is consumed in a day or two. Then we go to the next easily-accessed stored energy: glycogen in the liver and skeletal muscle. It is converted to glucose that feeds our organs. That gets used up in about three days after which we go to the third energy store: adipose (fat) tissue. For weight loss, this is the payoff; now your spare tire, love handles, saddlebags, and man-boobs start to dwindle. If you have a lot of this, it will supply energy to get you through weeks of fasting. And you'll feel great!

When the adipose tissue is gone, you enter a phase that is unhealthful; you start "burning" muscle and other tissue that you'd rather keep. So you don't want to go that far. The 40-day limit, long as it sounds, is short enough to keep even a slender person safe.

So we have evolved all these ways to store and recover energy. Why do we need them? Before we had agriculture (the last 10,000 years or so; insignificant in evolutionary terms) food scarcity was common. If a body couldn't handle it, it died. Natural selection selected the ones who could. They are our ancestors.

But why do we need this reliable energy supply? To feed our huge brains! Brains cannot go without energy for even a short time, and they need a lot of it. Our bodies evolved to deliver that energy reliably, even when food is scarce.

Luminaries of the Good Diet/Fasting Movement

Dr. Neal Barnard -- Early researcher and promoter of plant-based diets. His web site: And here is one of his videos -- about effects of diet on cognitive decline (Alzheimer's).
T. Colin Campbell, PhD -- T. Colin Campbell Center for Nutrition Studies His groundbreaking book, The China Study, is one of the most important books about diet and health ever written.
Chef AJ -- Enthusiastic creator of healthful recipes
Caldwell Esselstyn, MD -- Creator of the Prevent & Reverse Heart Disease Program
Alan Goldhamer, DC -- Founded TrueNorth and co-authored The Pleasure Trap. TrueNorth is a residential clinic where attendees undergo medically-supervised fasts and receive education on medical and lifestyle topics. It is also the home of the TrueNorth Foundation including a research center, investigating issues related to diet and health, with on-site outpatient medical staff and facilities, a clinical lab, a speakers bureau (to educate mainstream clinicians), and its own federally-certified institutional review board (IRB) and can thus receive federal grants. They collaborate with the reknowned Buck Institute for Research on Aging.
Michael Greger MD -- runs the superb NutritionFacts web site with lots of evidence-based nutrition videos. For example, look up artery function. It tells you about the effects on cardiac and vascular health of coffee, chocolate, blueberries, acai berries, vinegar, olive oil, and so on. See also He wrote How Not to Die (good but I'd prefer less emphasis on micronutrients and more on whole diet).
Dr. Josh Helman -- Promoter of plant-based diets. Here is his handout about reversing disease through diet.
Kaiser -- In 2013, published Nutritional Update for Physicians: Plant-Based Diets, an excellent study of the health benefits of plant-based diets, including a survey of the variations on this theme (Ornish, vegan, ovo-lacto, Mediterranean, etc.) But do they tell their patients about it? Alas, even at "enlightened" Kaiser, habit and tradition outweigh good health care.
Dr. Michael Klaper -- Physician, award-winning speaker, author of the Vegan Health Study. Good bibliography here. Notable quotes:

"Welcome to Camp Stop-Kidding-Yourself."

"Moderation kills."

"Be careful, very careful with 'normal'."

Valter Longo, PhD -- -- USC-based Valter Longo Foundation including Longevity Institute and How to Stay Young.
John McDougall, MD -- Has changed so many lives... another hero. Dr. McDougall's Health and Medical Center -- "It's the food."
Jeff Novick MS RD -- Lots of great info and recipes
Dean Ornish -- Preaches what he calls "Lifestyle Medicine"
Nathan Pritikin -- Pritikin died in the 80s but his legacy lives on, both in the science of healthful nutrition that he pioneered and in the Pritikin Longevity Center. I attended a two-week program at his Center back in the early 80s (when it was in Santa Monica, CA; today it is in FL) and found it trailblazing even then.


Essential Nutrients

There are several nutrients that are essential for our bodies: amino acids, vitamins, etc. None come only from animal products. We can get everything we need from plants. Here are the essential nutrients:
  • Carbohydrates (supply energy)
  • Protein/amino acids (for building and repair of body tissues) The nine essential amino acids:
    • Histidine
    • Isoleucine
    • Leucine
    • Lysine
    • Methionine
    • Phenylalanine
    • Threonine
    • Tryptophan
    • Valine
  • Fats
  • Vitamins
  • Minerals
  • Water


Dietary fibers (nondigestible carbohydrates) are not listed among the essential nutrients (though they are essential) because they are a combination of them. They are also called probiotics because they are what the intestinal microbiome (the 5 lbs of bacteria that live in our gut, eat a lot of the food we send down, and poop a lot of the nutrients we require) are absolutely essential for human life.

What these bacteria eat determines what they poop. Meat makes them poop bad stuff, e.g. chemicals that make cholesterols stick to blood vessel walls. Fiber makes them poop the stuff our bodies want.

Canaries in the Coal Mine

Systolic blood pressure (SBP) > 115 mm Hg is the single most predictive metric for death.

Erectile dysfunction (ED) is an early indicator of occluded arteries. Viagra just fixes the symptom.

Some Interesting Medical Facts

What is normal total cholesterol?

  • General population: 200 mg/dL
  • Plant-based eaters: 150 mg/dL

Antihypertensive drugs:

  • diuretics (make your kidneys work even harder)
  • beta-blockers
  • angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • angiotensin receptor blockers
  • calcium channel blockers
Fasting can get you off all of these.

In self-serving collaboration with government, food industries have promoted myths that have led to detrimental health effects on Americans. Some examples:

  • Myth: Protein comes only from meat.
    Fact: We can get all the protein we need from plants.
  • Myth: Calcium comes only from dairy.
    Fact: We can get all the calcium we need from plants.
  • Myth: The heavily-publicized FDA food pyramid (rebranded "food plate") promotes healthy eating.
    Fact: Much of the food touted there is actually bad for us, and the proportions are wrong, too.
  • Myth: Some oils may be bad for us, but olive oil is good.
    Fact: They are all bad. Oils distort the shapes of our normally-biconcave red blood cells, making them spikey so they scar our endothelia (artery linings) and make them susceptible to plaque adhesion, i.e. atherosclerosis. Alas, even olive oil.

Important Videos and Movies

Forks Over Knives

"What if one simple change could save you from chronic diseases such as diabetes and heart disease? Take a deep dive into the film that has influenced millions around the world."


What the Health

"...the groundbreaking follow-up film from the creators of the award-winning documentary Cowspiracy. The film exposes the collusion and corruption in government and big business that is costing us trillions of healthcare dollars, and keeping us sick.

"What The Health is a surprising, and at times hilarious, investigative documentary that will be an eye-opener for everyone concerned about our nation's health and how big business influences it."

The Widowmaker

"More than 700,000 Americans die of heart disease each year. For many of them, death is the first symptom of the disease. A simple heart scan could save many of these lives, but THE WIDOWMAKER reveals that a hidden battle fought inside America's medical establishment has pitted prevention against intervention keeping scans in the shadows while cardiac surgeries soar.

"Featuring cardiologists, heart attack survivors and lawmakers, THE WIDOWMAKER will change the way you think about heart disease and it just might save your life. "

TrueNorth people talking about fasting and eating right

Alan Goldhamer, John McDougall, Doug Lisle, and others talk about water fasting and much more.


Fat, Sick, and Nearly Dead

" inspiring tale of healing and human connection. Part road trip, part self-help manifesto, FAT, SICK & NEARLY DEAD defies the traditional documentary format to present an unconventional and uplifting story of two men ...who each realize that the only person who can save them is themselves."

The Weight of the Nation

From Kaiser and HBO:
"To win, we have to lose. The four-part HBO Documentary Films series, The Weight of The Nation explores the obesity epidemic in America."

Food Resources

Lots of people sell foods and supplements for practitioners of vegan diets But be careful! All vegan food is not made equal. Nothing in basic veganism says you can't have salt, oil, or sugar. So there are plenty of fat, unhealthy vegans. Here are some vendors of the good stuff.
  • Leafside -- "Simple, plant-based success"
  • Mama Sezz -- "Whole food plant-based meals, delivered"

-- Dan Keller RN MS, June, 2019

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